Prejmer Fortified Church - details and images
Prejmer fortified church is 15 km from Brasov, in the eastern part of the Brasov Depression, enrolling in a whole chain of Saxon villages, each hosting a fortified church. Built in sec. XIII and fortified two centuries later, evangelical church is the most powerful city Prejmer ecclesiastical and also the oldest Gothic monument in Transylvania.
By 1211, King Andrew II of Hungary mentions in a document addressed to the Teutonic name Tarlung River, along which the city will increase Prejmer. Teutonic Knights who receive rights to this territory are those who will rise up to a certain level Tartlau church (Saxon name of town). The church was built in Gothic style introduced by the Cistercian Burgundy Charter.
Like other monuments in Transylvania, the fortified church Prejmer underwent several interventions, but after restoration undertaken by the Directorate of Monuments between 1960 and 1970 it has acquired its original shape. Constitutes the best preserved and most powerful medieval fortress church in Eastern Europe. In 1999 he was inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage list.
Dedicated to "The Saint Cross church was built on a central plan, Greek cross, modified by interventions from the sixteenth century. Initially, the building consisted of four equal arms arranged around a square centered octagonal tower. Each arm was made up of two bays, a square and other polygonal choir is flanked on both sides by two pairs of rectangular chapels. Relationship with the spirit and forms used on the site of the Cistercian monastery church charter, and on the other hand, those attending the Evangelical Church in Bartholomew-Brasov, both higher after mid-thirteenth century, evangelical church dating Prejmer allows the second third XIII century and its framing in the same style ambiance.
Because it was the first town to PREJMER blows received by the Turks come up Buzau, after King Sigismund ordered the lifting of Barsa defense systems, strengthening the church began raising a tall and strong enclosure surrounded by a moat of water. Fortress, built in a circle, have thick walls 3-4 meters and 12 meters high lined the interior rooms of refuge and supplies, bastions, gates and iron bridges is high. A patrol road used to supply fighters to crenele. In addition to fixed guns in the walls, the city is fighting an unusual device: the famous "organ death" - a single device in Europe, if not the world at that time. The "organ death" were set more harquebus pulling all at once, causing a terrible panic among the besiegers. On entering the church still retains the awful ring rolling stone that were linked to foot unfaithful wife or malefactors.
The church has a Gothic altar valuable polyptych, sec. XV. The shrine is the oldest in Romania and it is painted on both sides. Today, the shrine is located in the church choir.
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