Lima is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Peru, is also the capital of Lima Province. The shopping center, industrial, financial and cultural center of the country. The city is located in the valleys of the rivers Chillon, Rimac, Lurin. Located on the west coast of the country, near the Pacific Ocean port of Callao. The total population was 6,117,489 inhabitants in 1995, almost one third live in settlements of huts on the periphery.