Arc De Triomphe - Bucharest - details and images
Along with Coronation Cathedral in Alba Iulia, Mărăşeşti Mausoleum, Cross Heroes on Mount Caraiman Carol Park Mausoleum and Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Carol Park, The Triumphal Arch is among the monuments commemorating the participation of Romania in the first World War by the Allies at the end that all the Romanian territories were found for the first time brought together in one place.
Arch of Triumph is not the first such monument erected in the capital of Romania, he was preceded by several temporary buildings with similar meanings that have marked successive victory during the War of Independence (1878), the jubilee of the 40 year reign of King Charles I (1906) and return the Romanian royal family in exile in Iasi (1918).
In 1921-1922, in the context of the coronation of King Ferdinand and Queen Mary as sovereigns of Greater Romania, the organization committee for the coronation festivities turned to the architect Petre Antonescu to raise a stately Arc de Triomphe in the north of the capital, on the road Kiselev. Because of the short time but only the skeleton construction of the concrete was poured, beautiful exterior is made of plaster basorieliefuri, leading - once the coronation festivities concluded (October 1922) - a progressive deterioration caused by weathering, the appearance of Arc de Triomphe, in the early 1930s it reached a "monument inconvenient" for the image of the "Little Paris" wars.
Only in 1932, following an article by Michael Mora suggestively titled "An imperative duty," the deplorable situation of the Arc de Triomphe is the public's attention, not demolition decizându the monument built in 1922, as had requested some personalities but to replace plaster bas-reliefs on it with some definitive Ruschita stone or marble. This time, the author, the same Petre Antonescu gave the building a more sober note regarding the exterior finish, asking artists to whom he recruited to work within this new way of working. Among the artists who are working on finishing Constantin Baraschi, Alexandru Calinescu, Mac Constantinescu, Ion Jalea, Demetrios Paciurea and Costin, all familiar names in the interwar period.
Population, and especially the many associations and societies of the former combatants of the First World War, contributed by over 7 million lei to the building of the Arc de Triomphe, responding promptly launched subscriptions during 1935 by the Ministry of National Defense. Once collected the necessary amounts, 1936 was entirely devoted to the completion of the monument, as on 1 December that year, when they turned 18 since the Union of Transylvania with Romania, to have the inauguration ceremony. The moment was marked by the participation of King Charles II, his mother, Queen Mary, Crown Prince Mihai, Romania and many government members guests of honor at home and abroad.
Today, the Arc de Triomphe is one of the well-known symbols of the Romanian capital.
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