Graft Bastion Brasov - details and images
Graft Bastion in Brasov or Gateway, as was also called because of its shape, was built between 1515-1521, defended and maintained the guild costs saddlery, being designed to make the connection between the soldiers of the city and the White Tower . Its location, near the middle of the north-west of the city, made the bastion of defense to increase opportunities for the area.
In the sixteenth-century north-western wall of the fortress is still backed by an outer wall. All were captured when the waters came from a channel Schei (on German Graft), which flowed at the foot of the newly built wall. Graft Bastion was designed so that a bridge over the channel. It was based on a thickness of about 4 feet and was structured on two floors and an attic, equipped with firing holes and oil holes preserved until today. Access to the White Tower was covered by a bridge that goes up the slope to the entrance to the White Tower where defenders descended a ladder to allow entry into the tower.
Due to a large flood, following torrential rains on 24 August 1809, outside the enclosure wall was much weakened by washing foundations (because the city walls, the entire amount of rainfall needed to drain Schei along channel Graft). Therefore, the architects of the city have found a solution by supporting the construction of three arches over the creek in 1822. In the twentieth century, the wall was pierced to provide a second exit Corso cinema (now Royal) and when building a house for Friedrich Czell manufacturer, two of the arches are gone, with the portion of the wall which rested.
Renovated in 2004 - 2005, was arranged inside a polling bastion of Braşov County History Museum on "The craftsmen from Brasov - defenders of the city" and a craft shop, then disbanded. The exhibition, located on the second floor of the bastion, includes weapons, armor and munitions used to defend the city, boards with facsimiles of documents and photographs / lithographs Brasov's medieval fortifications. Also, the route was restored and the White Tower, a series of steps that ascends abruptly Warthe hill slope.
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