Massif Piatra Craiului - details and images

Massif is a limestone mountain range located in southwestern Carpathians Carpathians chain but can be found in their northeast. Stone Mountains Maximum altitude is reached the top peak in humans, known as Baciului Peak, with 2244 m. The massif has many peaks over 2000 m altitude (Padina Kings Peak (2025m), Ascutit Peak (2150m), Peak Timbalul Mare (2177m), Peak of Timbal (2170m), Sbirii Peak (2220m), Peak uptakes Bypass (2202m)). National Park is surrounded by Barsa depression in the north east corridor Rucar-Bran, Fagaras Mountains and west Iezer doll, Bucegi Massif Leaota east and southeast. Dambovicioarei Gorge and Cave Dambovicioara are the most important phenomena in Karst National Park. In the north-east appear Prapastiile Zarnestilor, springs and fountains Gentlemen's Fountain Botorog, La fence, Cerdacul rock, cave rock, the Great Devil's Mill is a canvas Grohotis unstable stones 4km.

An original landscape vegetation is the karst areas in which ovasciorul with gold or fescue species, make their presence felt Garofita and sedge, which hill poles and refreshing decor. Species endemism is of great scientific interest, among which Garofita ridge is unique in the world, edelweiss, yellow studded with blood Hale, mountain swelled, pastel or smirdar. Fauna reprentata black goat, a natural monument, deer, wild boar, bear Carpathian lynx, fox, wolf, squirrel, golden eagle, capercaillie, hazel grouse and rock thrush. Trout live in water, zglavoaca, grayling, and moioaga.

Massif became a nature reserve on March 28, 1938 (Journal of the Council of Ministers no. 645). Council of Ministers took the decision "because of the unique nature of the mountain where there are rare species as Dianthus callizonus, Hesperis nivea, Minuatia Transylvania Leontopodium alpinum, but because of its beauty and landscape." In 1938, when the nature reserve was established, were taken into account only 440 ha. In 1972, it increased to 900 ha area, and today, special conservation area covers an area of 4879ha, the national park occupying approx. 9894 ha. In 1952 (the year it was the first recorded forest plan for the Stone Mountains), about 17.2% of the total area of the massif has been considered for conservation. In 1990 the National Park national park is declared by Order 7 of the Ministry of Agriculture at that time, along with 12 other parks in Romania.

For hiking enthusiasts and mountain climbers mountain National Park is unforgettable. There are several tourist routes to explore this massive, but the main attraction remains a hike on the main ridge, where attention, but there are only three shelters huts. The network of marked trails are well developed but still recommend a minimum of experience for more complicated routes.

Information source