Mezquita de Cordoba - details and images

Mezquita - meaning "mosque" in Spanish - located in Cordoba, Spain, is a combination between a mosque and a cathedral in the Eighth century. This impressive building stands testament to the multitude of religious change that has greeted the city of Cordoba over the centuries.

Today, the Mezquita is known more as "Assumption Cathedral of Cordoba", the title of "mosque" are no longer commonly used. However, the building is tributary to Islamic architecture, most of its architectural elements belonging to the mosque built in the VIIIth century.

Cathedral-mosque in Cordoba is one of the oldest and most significant examples of Spanish Islamic architecture. For this, the number of pilgrims is very large step into them. Mosque in the eighth century was the century of the world's second-largest.

Closure of the mosque began in the late sixth century as a Christian Visigothic church. Later Visigoth church has undergone a series of works that have lasted for two centuries about its transformation into a mosque. Work began in 784, their outcome is Aljama Mosque.

The works were completed under the direction of the first Muslim Emir ADB would-Rahman I, who designed this building as part attached to the palace. Name mosque - Mosque Aljama - all of it was made in honor of his wife.

When the armies of Tariq ibn-Ziyad first occupied the city of Cordoba, in 711, the Christian church was suppressed.

The mosque suffered an uninterrupted series of changes: ADB would raise Rahman III ordered a new minaret, while Al-flowing hakama II, in 961, extended the building plan, enriching the old mihrab. The last of architectural reforms was led by Al-Mansur Ibn Abi Aamir in the year 987.

Mezquita - Mosque Aljama - is the biggest and most beautiful mosque of the 1,000 it had, at that time, the city. Besides acting, she was also the second mosque, the largest in the Muslim world.

The mosque was connected to the Caliph's palace by a suspended stone road. Caliphs desire to have a mosque inside or near the palace is a trend found in all the Muslim world.

Mezquita reached soon, a very important place of pilgrimage for the Islamic world - considering that at that time also housed the mosque and an original copy of the Koran, with one arm of the Prophet Mohammed.

The most important change that has undergone a renaissance building is building a ship in the center of the existing architectural structure. This was done with the consent of King Carlos V, king of united Spain. Making the building as much as possible, in the Catholic cathedral mosque saved from destruction during the Spanish inquisitors were very destructive burning of their zeal.

In 1984, the historic center of Cordoba, including the Mezquita mosque-cathedral, was included in UNESCO World Heritage list.

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