Roman camp Arutela - details and images
Arutela Roman Camp is a historic monument, located between the settlements and the cap Păuşa at point "Bivolari Glade, near the town Călimăneşti being passed in the 2004 historical monuments dating from the years 137-138 AD Roman building is located on the left bank of Olt, near Convent tails and hydropower complex environments Turnu.
Dating was based on an inscription, discovered in duplicate in front of two gates of the camp, from which it was built during Emperor Hadrian, a detachment of archers Syrian (Suri Sagittari) in the year 138, in order Titus Flavius Constans, procurator and military governor of Dacia Inferior. Latest currency as dating Arutela discovered, was issued between the years 220-223 AD The Arutela there was a Dacian settlement, which extended the Roman dominion there.
Fortification built of stone slabs has a square with sides of 60 meters fitted with semicircular towers, square towers at the corners and one side of the Praetorian gate. The other two sides are seen service gates (porta principalis dextra and porta principalis sinister). The enclosure wall was built of large stone blocks in rectangular and, where appropriate, tiny stone slabs and thin, rough, fastened with mortar to ensure horizontality.
On the inside of the defensive wall is constructed in a series of spurs of stone, which formed the compartments designed to house barracks for material warehouses and stables for horses band, and above them were placed wooden planks that formed the bridge continues to patrol the road sentinels.
Inside the gate next to the Praetorian camp starts a walk, via praetoria consisting of paving stones from the river, the principalis intersecting with life in front of the master (praetorium). In the spaces resulting from this intersection stands an assembly hall of soldiers (military collegium) with eight rectangular base for supporting the roof in the middle. In the remaining gap flags were soldiers and one blacksmith shop for the needs of the garrison.
According to archaeological findings and evidence in the first half of the third century, an unusual outpouring of the Olt River destroyed the western side of the camp, causing the withdrawal of the Roman garrison here.
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