The Roman Baths - details and images
The Roman Baths (Thermae) of Varna, date from the second half of the second century, when here was a Roman city - Odessos. The baths worked until the end of the 3rd century. The site covers an area of 7000 square meters and is today in the area between Han Krum, Kaloyan Tar, Knyaz Dondukov and Captain Dobrev streets in Varna city.
The Odessos Baths were one of the most impressive buildings of the Eastern Roman Empire. The columns are supposed to be at least 20 m high. Its thick walls were built using a specific technology - on layers of stones and bricks, connected by a mixture of plaster and crushed tiles. The interior stairs and door arches are made of huge stone blocks decorated with splendid mosaics, fragments that are still visible today.
The citizens of the old city of Odessos were discussing here the important things in public life. Also interesting is the heating system - the bathrooms have a double floor and special pits, through which the warm air could reach the top of the bathrooms.
Information on the construction of a Roman aqueduct dates back to 1851. From the bilingual inscriptions, in Greek and Latin, it is clear that during the reign of Emperor Antonius Pius (138-161) water was collected and brought into the city through the aqueduct.
Today, the ancient Roman baths are an important historical landmark of the city of Varna, a proof of the wealth and importance of the city from ancient times.
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