Warsaw Palace Łazienki - details and images
The Łazienki Palace (Water Palace) is a Neoclassical palace in Warsaw's Royal Baths Park.
The palace is built between 1683 – 1689 on an artificial island that divides the lake Łazienki into two parts, a smaller northern lake and a larger southern one.
The palace is connected to the surrounding park by two Ionic colonnaded bridges.
The façades are unified by an entablature carried by giant Corinthian pilasters that link its two floors and are crowned by a balustrade that bears statues of mythologic figures. The north façade is relieved by a central pedimented portico.
On the palace's ground floor is the Bacchus Room, decorated with 17th-century Dutch blue tiles and a painting from Jacob Jordaens' workshop depicting Silenus and Bacchantes. The 1778 ceiling painting, Bacchus, Ceres, Venus and Cupid , by Jan Bogumił Plersch, was destroyed by German forces in 1944.
The Rotunda, designed by Domenico Merlini, occupies the central portion of the palace. Decorated in yellow and white marble, with figures of the Polish kings, it is one of the most important examples of neoclassical decoration within the palace. It leads to the Bath Room and the Ballroom.
On the other side of the Rotunda is the lower Picture Gallery, which contains minor works by Rubens and Rembrandt,and the chapel. Also on the ground floor is the Dining Room in which the famous Thursday Dinners took place, to which King Stanisław August Poniatowski invited leading Freemasons and other notables of the Polish Enlightenment. Its furniture and paintings are in the Classicist style.
The Solomon Room, one of the largest of the palace's ground-floor interiors, was embellished with a series of paintings depicting the "History of Solomon. They were executed for King Stanisław Augustus in 1791–93 by Marcello Bacciarelli and depicted the monarch himself as the biblical king.
On the first floor are the royal apartments, the upper picture gallery, the balcony room, the king's cabinet, the royal bed chambers, the cloakroom, and the officer's room.
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